Illinois State Library

Illinois Center for the Book

Individual Author Record

General Information

Name:  Étienne Cabet  

Pen Name: None

Genre: History Non-Fiction

Audience: Adult;

Born: 1788 in Dijon, Côte-d'Or

Died: 1856

-- Étienne Cabet on WorldCat --

Illinois Connection

Cabot lived for a while in Nauvoo.

Biographical and Professional Information

Etienne Cabot was an interesting and colorful individual. In 1831, he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies in France, but due to his bitter attacks on the government he was accused of treason in 1834 and fled to England, to look for political asylum but in 1839, Cabet returned to France to advocate a communitarian social movement, for which he invented the term communisme. Cabet's notion of a communal society influenced other socialist writers and philosophers, notably Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. In 1848, Cabet gave up on the notion of reforming French society. He led a group of followers from across France to the United States to organize an Icarian community. They came first to Texas, then moved to Nauvoo, Illinois to a site recently vacated by the Mormons. A new colony was established in "Icaria, Iowa" (near what is now Corning, Iowa). After disputes within the Nauvoo community, Cabet was expelled and he went to St. Louis, Missouri in 1855, where he died the following year

Published Works Expand for more information

Titles At Your Library

History and Constitution of the Icarian Community (Communal societies of America)
ISBN: 0404107265

Ams Pr Inc. 1973

Travels in Icaria (Utopianism and Communitarianism)
ISBN: 0815630093

Syracuse University Press. 2003

Radical in its dayand long overdue in Englishthis rare French classic traces the journey of fictional British Lord Clarisdall to the exotic island nation of Icaria. To his delight, Clarisdell discovers an ideal utopian democracy prospering amid peace and harmony. Devoid of competition or property, Icaria triumphs over the social evils of nineteeth-century capitalism.

Clarisdell's amazement is constant. Foreign affairs are conducted by the community. Money and domestic commerce do not exist. Everyone gives to and draws from the common pot in equal measure. No pastoral idyll, the narrative describes a modern machine-age economy with social policiesfree education, equality for the sexes, strict family/moral tiesthat reflect enlightenment. Crime here is a myth arts and culture are treasured commodities.

Cabet described a totally integrated "community of goods" in the fifty years following the great revolution of 1782. Published at personal risk, his bold allegory gave birth to a real Icarian community that lasted into the late 1800s.

Histoire Populaire De La Rvolution Franaise De 1789 1830: 1789-1790 (French Edition)
ISBN: 1142961761

Nabu Press. 2010

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