Born: 1767 in the village of Saukenuk on the Rock River, in present-day Rock Island.
Died: October 3, 1838 in Davis County, Iowa
Celebrated on the Illinois State Library, Gwendolyn Brooks Building
"I saw my evil day at hand. The sun rose dim on us in the morning, and at night it sank in a dark cloud, and looked like a ball of fire. That was the last sun that shone on Black Hawk. His heart is dead...He is now a prisoner to the white man." - Black Hawk, speech upon surrender, Prairie du Chein, Wisconsin, August 27, 1832
- Black Hawk was born in the village of Saukenuk on the Rock River, in present-day Rock Island, Illinois in 1767
Biographical and Professional Information
As a chief of the Sauk tribe, Black Hawk led the Sauk and Fox Indians in the Black Hawk War of 1832. The war was a revolt against government orders for Indians to vacate disputed tribal lands along the Rock River in northwestern Illinois. In 1833, he dictated his autobiography, which is considered a classic statement of his people's grievances.
He earned a place in the History of Illinois literature with his eloquent autobiography, Life of Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiak (1833), republished as Black Hawk: An Autobiography (1955). ......
- Life of Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiak, 1833 republished as: Black Hawk: An Autobiography, 1955
Titles for Purchase and at Your Library
In 1990, his name was engraved on the frieze of the Illinois State Library alongside other great Illinois literary figures.
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