From Illinois Authors
Pen Name: None
Born: February 12, 1809 in Hardin County, Kentucky
Died: April 15, 1865 in Washington, D.C. (at the age of 56)
Celebrated on the Illinois State Library, Gwendolyn Brooks Building
"Upon the subject of education, not presuming to dictate any plan or system respecting it, I can only say that I view it as the most important subject which we, as people, can be engaged." - Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln moved to Illinois with his family as a young boy. He moved to Springfield in 1837 to practice law. His body was laid to rest in The Lincoln Tomb in Oak Ridge Cemetery in Springfield.
Biographical and Professional Information
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States and known as the "Great Emancipator". He is also, perhaps, the only American President who also occupies an honored place in American literature.
During his term as President, he helped preserve the United States by leading the defeat of the secessionist Confederate States of America in the American Civil War. He introduced measures that resulted in the abolition of slavery, issuing his Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 and promoting the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, which passed Congress before Lincoln's death and was ratified by the states later in 1865.
His ability to articulate simpley and eloquently played an important role in the progress of American history, especially during the Civil War. Among his greatest speeches are his Farewell to Springfield and the Gettysburg Address.
Before his election as President, Lincoln was a lawyer, a member of the United States House of Representatives.
Lincoln was the first United States President to be assassinated. His body was laid to rest in The Lincoln Tomb in Oak Ridge Cemetery in Springfield.
- Farewell to Springfied, February 11, 1861
- First Inaugural Address, March 4, 1861
- Gettysburg Address, November 19, 1863
- Second Inaugural Address, March 4, 1865
Titles for Purchase and at Your Library
In 1990, his name was engraved on the frieze of the Illinois State Library alongside other great Illinois literary figures.
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